Anthrax -- The Disease
Anthrax is a disease that primary affects animals, such as cattle, goats, and antelopes. However, in some cases, it can affect humans as well. Bacillus anthracis -- the bacterium responsible for this potentially fatal disease -- can be transmitted to humans in one of two ways: from animals or as a result of bioterrorism. Treatment usually involves antibiotics and providing relief of symptoms and complications as the body fights the bacteria.
(To learn more about the disease, click Anthrax. This full-length article covers topics such as how it is diagnosed, who is at risk, and whether a vaccine is available.)